PRINCETON, N J.
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I Princeton, _N. J.
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Digitized by the Internet Archive
VoL. LV. DECEMBER, 1 85 9. No. 12.
Jlntfriran of €ominissiot»rs for lonip D'issions.
Cpaboon ^issioit. — Mcsl Africa.
LETTER FROM MR. BUSHXELL, JULY 4 —
Ix this letter, Mr. Bushnell touches briefly
upon various matters connected with the
interests and prospects of the missionary
work at the Gaboon ; — the receiving of one
person to the church ; the seriousness of
others; the “doing well” of native helpers
at Nengenenge ; the friendly professions and
probable plans of the French; and cases of
One Added to the Church — Inquirers.
July 4. Yesterday was our semi-annual
communion season, on which occasion
we were thankful to receive to our little
church a young man, the son of Ntoko,
the heathen chief who died a few months
since. This young man has, in the
midst of opposition, and powerful, adverse
influences, come out from his heathen
friends and associates, and taken a de-
cided stand on the Lord’s side. He
seems to be firmly established in the
truth, and his influence is beginning to
be salutary among his former compan-
ions ; but he is afflicted with an incurable
malady, which will incapacitate him for
extensive service in the vineyard of the
Lord. The other young man who was
expecting to unite with the church at
the same time, was absent from home,
VOL. LV. 23
and another, a poor slave, was requested
to wait for further instruction. I have
also a class of inquirers, who meet me
once or twice a week for instruction,
several of whom I trust will, at no distant
day, be numbered with the friends and
followers of Christ.
JVengenenge and Vicinity.
11. Last week I visited Nengenenge,
and found the native young men whom
we have left in charge of the place
doing very well. They have a few
boys, former members of the school,
staying with them, to whom they impart
instruction; and on the Sabbath, and
morning and evening, a few from the
town meet with them for religious wor-
ship. The people on the island are
anxiously awaiting the re-occupation of
the station, and the people of the sur-
rounding towns will welcome mission-
The state of things among the tribes
in that vicinity is much as it has been
during several years past. The Bakeles
and Shekanes are gradually disappearing
before their more numerous and. powerful
neighbors the Pangwes, who are fast
becoming acquainted with the art of
making and navigating canoes. They
have several large towns on the river.
Gaboon Mission: — Letter from Mr. Bushnell.
below as well as above Nengenenge ;
and will at no distant day be masters of
The French frigate is still anchored
below Nengenenge, and is to remain
there permanently. I dined on board
with the commander, from whom I re-
ceived special attention. He and his
men have suffered much from fever, and
he gave it as his opinion that white men
could not live there. Still, some do live,
and it is doubtless the intention of the
Commander in Chief to retain his hold
upon the Olombo Mpolo, and to extend
French influence, commerce and power
into the interior, as fast as practicable.
While I was at Nengenenge, the steamer
“ Arab ” came up and anchored near the
frigate, with the Commander in Chief on
board. As I passed I called on board,
but did not see the Commander, who
had retired to seek repose.
Since I wrote the above, the head-man
of Nengenenge has come down, and
informs me that the day after I left that
place the Commander in Chief called
him and the other head-men of the river
on board ; gave them their “ dash,” or
present ; and told them that he wished
the missionaries to leave Nengenenge,
as they wanted the island, &c. But
they refused to give their consent with-
out first consulting with us. We have
frequently heard that the French officials
desired the island, but we do not believe
they will dispossess us if we are able to
occupy it. We have repeatedly stated
to French officers with whom we have
met, our intention to resume the station,
and make it the centre of our interior
20. I have just returned from a visit
to the Plateau. I had an interview with
the new Governor, who resides on shore,
and also with the Commodore, who is,
I believe. Commander in Chief of all
the French possessions on this part
of the coast. They received me very
courteously and manifested a friendly
disposition towards the mission, offer-
ing us their services, if in any case we
needed them. They have a large num-
ber of white men, from the ships of war
at anchor in the river, laboring on shore,
and are building and making many im-
provements, clearing ground, laying out
Sickness — Intelligence from Corisco.
22. We are again afflicted with sick-
-ness. Miss Van Allen was attacked
with fever yesterday, and is quite ill this
morning. I am not certain whether it
will prove to be a malignant case or not.
Mrs. Best also is sick, and one or two
others of our number are complaining.
O, what a happy land that will be, where
‘ the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick ! ’
A letter from Corisco informs us that
Mr. Ogden, of whom I made mention in
my last, had not recovered fully, and
might have to return to the United
States ; and that Mr. Clemens, who
recently returned from the United States,
was suffering a good deal from fever.
But there was more than usual religious
interest among the people on the island,
which greatly encouraged the faith of
our brethren there. I may add, that last
Sabbath we noticed an unusual serious-
ness in our congregations here. Among
the few people who are left in the towns,
many being absent, trading, there are
several cases of inquiry. I spend con-
siderable time in visiting the people in
their towns, and in these personal efforts
I find much satisfacton. Would that I
could be freed from teaching, from at-
tending to the sick and suffering, and
from house building and repairing, &c.,
and be able to devote my time and
strength to direct labors for the salvation
Pissioit. — gifrita.
REPORT OF THE UMVOTI STATION.
Mr. Aldin Grout, who returned to his
station at Umvoti, after his visit to the United
States, in January last, reports for the first
six months of the year, in a cheerful strain.
Zulu Mission : — Report
“ I am not able,” he writes, “ to say all I
could wish, and yet, the church, station and
people, were never before in so favorable a
state, by far. I do not see all I hoped and
prayed for while at home, still I do not know
but I ought to say that all my prayers have
evidently been heard.”
Congregation — Sabbath School.
At the station, worship has been reg-
ularly maintained every Sabbath, with an
average congregation of 272. Upon the
first Sabbath after our return, I think
there were twice as many as could sit in
the chapel, and we worshiped in a grove
near by. Our assembly, as to quietness
and attention to preaching, compares
not unfavorably with congregations in
our father land. We cannot say it is
always quite as still, because we encour-
age mothers to attend, though they must
take their small children with them. I
have been pleased, not only to see that
there was an increase of numbers during
my absence, but an improvement in the
appearance of the congregation, particu-
larly in clothing. About two-thirds of
the people are now very respectably clad.
Our Sabbath school, also, has improv-
ed. I believe 96 was the number we had
when I left, two years ago. It now
numbers 135, and I do not know that I
saw, while at home, a more interested
school. The pupils cannot progress in
scriptural and religious knowledge as fast
as civilized children do, both because
they are destitute, in great measure, of
suitable books, and because their teach-
ers are, to a great extent, incompetent.
Still, it is generally true of the teachers :
“ Give a man a situation and he will find
ability to fill it.” If they are deficient in
scriptural knowledge we believe them to
be truly pious ; and their earnest, un-
sophisticated manner, and direct appeals
to the heart, in the matter of religious
experience, will leave an impression on
the minds of the pupils.
The Church — Jin Interesting Case.
Our church now numbers 53. Since
my return, five have been added to it.
of the TJmvoti Station.
two by letter from a sister church, and
three by profession. Several others have
presented themselves as candidates for
admission. Some of these are evidently
true Christians, or earnestly seeking to
become such. The improved condition
of our church members is so universally
admitted by the heathen, that we have to
guard the entrance diligently, lest the
church be filled with members whose
thoughts and interests will extend only
to their graves.
One of those now added to our church
is the youngest child of Umankamba,
who was made a widow, I think, in 1845,
her husband having been killed for witch-
craft. She and her two children were to
have been killed also, but were saved by
secreting themselves for two days and
nights in the bush, without food. Hun-
ger and reflection brought to mind the
fact, that missionaries were men of mercy.
The thought caused Umankamba to rise
at once, and leaving Uzilinga, then about
three years of age, in the bush alone, she
soon stood at my door, to inquire if it
were true that missionaries were men of
mercy. The poor old mother, being sat-
isfied that what she had heard was tfue,
by being protected and fed when no one
else would help her, soon, with her
fatherless children, stood before me to
say; “Teacher, you have saved us, and
now we are yours. Do with us just as
you please ; we will live and die by
you.” Now, behold, I am most happy to
say, the mother and her two children are
members of our church, and find greater
mercy in Christ than they ever hoped to
find in a missionary. A few such inci-
dents, in the experience of missionaries,
are of themselves more than a compensa-
tion for all we give up in complying with
Christ’s command, to go every where
preaching the word.
Our day school continues to be taught
by Benjamin, and with better success
than we could reasonably have expected.
The fact that our yard is filled with chil-
Zulu 3Tission : — Report of the Umvoti Station.
dren, running and jumping about an
hour before the time for the bell to ring,
is one of the best testimonials we could
have that the school is doing well. From
forty to fifty are daily assembled, doing
just as children in the district schools of
our father-land are doing, only they do it
at an earlier age. More than half the
scholars are actually farther advanced in
reading, spelling and arithmetic, than
children of the same age are at home.
Two facts may explain this in part.
They commence younger, and their lan-
guage is more simple, and acquired more
Our people improve in their worldly
condition as fast as we could expect, and
perhaps as fast as would be for their
good. A few have as good houses as are
common among white men in the Colony,
built of brick, plastered and whitewash-
ed, with fireplace and chimney. By the
help of oxen and plough, some of them
already cultivate their entire plot of
fifteen acres of land, and are calling for
more. A few are laying aside money to
purchase for themselves farms, like civil-
Many are deeply interested in the sub-
ject, now agitated at other stations as
well as here, of setting apart some of
their own number, and locating them at
some of the many favorable situations
now calling for help among their people.
They have requested me to present this
subject to our mission, at its meeting,
to see if such a thing cannot be done ;
and if so, they wish us to suggest to
them in what way it can be effected.
Nearly all the residents on the Reser-
vation around the station, now see the
importance of owning land, and wish
each to obtain a title to that which they
may use as their own. While Mr. Mel-
len had the care of the station, he laid
off twenty-three lots, of about fifteen
acres each, for the same number of men.
More than thirty had previously obtained
lots, and since my return, I have had
many applications for the same favor. I
think about as many now have lots on
the Reservation as can subsist on it.
Christianity and civilization advance
hand in hand. Christians do not now find
it necessary to flee to our station for pro-
tection, but can live unmolested on any
part of the Reservation. Several are
adopting a civilized life, who, as yet,
make no pretence to piety. As many as
fifteen upright, civilized houses, some of
bricks, some of poles, have been erected
since I left, two years ago.
Meetings held during the week, it is said,
have increased as much in proportion as those
on the Sabbath. The monthly missionary
prayer-meeting is largely attended, and the
interest is much increased by the use of large
missionary maps, which were presented by
the Sabbath school of the Winthrop Church,
Charlestown, Mass. About $19 have been
collected at these meetings since Mr. Grout’s
return. He writes :
I should add, that in my absence, Mr.
Mellen commenced worship at several
places, ten or twenty miles distant from
us, where some of our people, and occa-
sionally Mr. Mellen himself, have been
out on the Sabbath. At those places,
usually at Chiefs’ kraals, the congrega-
tions have not been large, but forty or
fifty usually attend, and evidence is not
wanting that good has been effected.
One of the chiefs recently came to
my station on purpose to express his
thanks that a service had been held
at his place ; and he professed a strong
wish and hope that it might be a perma-
nent arrangement, and inquired whether
we could not locate a missionary there.
In conclusion, I wish to express the
gratitude and hope I feel, in this my first
Report, after resuming my labors at Um-
voti. I felt compelled, against my own
feelings and wishes, to vacate my station
for a time. I went out not knowing
whither I went, or the things that should
befall me. But God knew all, ordered
all, led us as by the hand, and made our
Ceylon Mission : — Letter from Mr. Hitchcock.
outgoing and incoming to rejoice. I
have indeed rejoiced in all the way
in which God has led me since I first
received my commission to go out and
preach ; but no part of it has been more
pleasant, and I may add, that I hope and
believe no part has been more profitable,
telling more directly on our work here
for the salvation of the Zulus, than the
year I spent in the United States.
TILLIP ALL Y.
LETTER FROM MR. HITCHCOCK, AUGUST
Mr. Hitchcock, who has not been very
long in the missionary field, mentions in this
letter some of the things which cheer him in
his work ; — evidences that the Spirit is moving
upon some hearts, and that past missionary
labors in Ceylon have not been in vain.
There have been evidences of the pres-
ence of the Spirit with us during the
greater part of the past year. One, and
another, and another, would come to talk
about the concerns of the soul; and
among them, a few seem to have chosen
the good part — time only can show. So
many have drawn back, even after having
united with the people of God, that it
becomes us to speak with caution; but
while we see evidence of spiritual life
we shall hope. Several of these are just
the last persons any one would have ex-
pected to leave heathenism. One has
been taken from a circle of boon com-
panions, a man in the prime of life, the
soul of the company of dancers to whom
he belonged, and from whom he freed
himself after repeated struggles. Anoth-
er is an old man, on the verge of the
grave. He has read John’s Gospel through
three times in as many weeks. His
neighbors say he reads all the time.
Ten years ago he wished to unite with
the church, was refused, and has been a
violent opposer ever since. His son was
excommunicated at the last communion
season, and I suppose the father was the
first cause of the son’s apostasy. One
other I have before mentioned to you, a
blind old man. He was called the de-
ceiver, from his known character. It is
unnecessary to mention others ; there are
five or six who, we hope, are sincere.
Three united with us in July.
A Humble hut Faithful One.
One death has occurred. One of our
lowly ones was taken, but I have little
doubt that he was much higher in the
estimation of Jesus than many of higher
standing among men, and that he has
joined his sainted pastor, and father in
the Lord, Dr. Poor. It is truly encour-
aging to think that one of the early con-
verts should remain steadfast so long,
and die in a ripe old age, beloved and
respected by all ; not simply by mission-
aries and Christians, but by the heathen.
Every one says, “Onesimus was what
he professed to be.”
Onesimus united with this church in
August, 1821. His supposed age then
was thirty-five. He was a slave, and
was purchased and given his freedom by
Dr. Poor, about the time of his uniting
with the church. From that time until
his death, as far as I can learn, he has
never disgraced the Christian name. In
1831, he was chosen deacon. His rank
among the people rendered his influence
less extensive, but he did not hesitate to
do his duty according to his conception
of it, and many a faithful warning has
he given to the wealthy and the learned.
Often has he gone from house to house
among the Christians, that with them he
might have a season of prayer ; and often
has he come to the mission-house, in the
dead of night, and called up his pas-
tor, when, together, they would kneel
and pray for some man or woman who,
Onesimus feared, was in danger. of being
lost. For some years he has been feeble
— only a wreck, in mind and body, of his
former self. Thus I found him ; but even
thus I learned to love him. He was
always meek, humble, childlike. When
Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes.
suffering with severe pain, he would be
very quiet while the Scriptures were read
and prayer offered. Who shall say, after
looking at such a trophy of divine grace,
that the Jaffna mission has been a failure,
even if there be no other trophy ? Who
shall say, (as I have often heard it said,)
that conversion among the heathen is
nothing ? This one case of holy living
and happy dying has done much to en-
courage me. If I could be instrumental
in fitting one such soul for a mansion in
heaven, I ought to be satisfied with my
One other aged member of the church
has appeared to be on the borders of the
grave for several weeks. She is unable
to converse, bnt a single sentence from
her grandson, Mr. R. Breckenridge,
gave me much satisfaction. It was this:
“ She taught me to pray.” Perhaps that
was her mission, to teach that grandson
glabura Pission. — |nbm.
LETTER FROM MR. ^’OyES, JUNE, 1859.
This letter is long, was written at several
different times and places, and relates inci-
dents which occurred upon several different
tours. Extracts only can be given, which are
designed to be so selected as to bring to view
various matters of interest ; — the state of vil-
lage congregations ; the many cares of a
missionary among such a people ; the char-
acter of his work as he tours among them,
its pleasures and its trials ; and the evidence
that labor is not in vain. The first extracts
were also extracted by Mr. Noyes, from a
letter written to a friend while on a tour
among his villages in the winter. Tu this
friend he wrote respecting
I have been from home a week, and
must visit several congregations, and
travel forty miles more, before I return.
We cannot travel and preach all the
time, and it is a relief to get a quiet
hour and sit down alone, behind a screen,
in the rear of some mud-walled church
or school-house, and write to a friend.
Since I left home a week ago, I have
traveled on horseback about eighty
miles ; have visited eleven congrega-
tions ; have talked a great deal, and
have preached several times a day to
Christians and heathen ; have adminis-
tered the Lord’s supper in three places ;
have received to the communion of the
church one new member, baptized one
child, and solemnized one marriage ; have
settled quarrels, listened to complaints of
various kinds, and administered to the
sick of various diseases.
A poor woman, the wife of a church
member, herself a communicant, with
three small children, came in an implor-
ing attitude, and said that her husband
had deserted her and taken another wife.
The charge was proved and the church
member suspended. The fall of this
native brother, who had been an active
member of the church and one of the
deacons, is a heavy blow, but the Lord
can overrule it for good. In another
church, a member of considerable influ-
ence has absented himself from the
Sabbath services for several months, and
from the Lord’s table on two occasions.
It is reported of him, also, that he is
about to become a polygamist, and I fear
there is truth in the report. The church,
while together yesterday, appointed a
committee to wait on him and ascertain
the cause of his long absence from the
sanctuary, and the state of his mind.
At another village a petition was hand-
ed me, signed by four members of the
congregation, charging the catechist with
adultery, drunkenness, and general neg-
lect of his duties. I was happy to find,
on examination, that the more substan-
tial part of the congregation, including
the church members, stood by their cat-
echist and gave their testimony in his
favor. It was very evident that the pe-
tition was got up for a purpose, and that
a recently dismissed catechist was at the
bottom of it.
Cares and Pleasures.
Sometimes, on these tours, I get quite
Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes.
worn out and discouraged, but generally
I enjoy more when going about among
these congregations and churches than I
do in any other kind of labor. The poor
people come to us as children to a father ;
they receive every thing which falls from
our lips with as much confidence as if
they believed us unerring and infallible ;
they listen to our preaching with the
greatest apparent earnestness ; they join
in the devotional exercises in a reverent
manner, and pray and sing with fervor.
Trials of Native Christians.
While their heathen neighbors and
relatives labor on the Sabbath, and re-
ceive the price of their daily bread ; or,
in harvest time, return home on Sabbath
evening, with their basket of grain ; these
poor Christians are content to lose a
day's work, while perhaps they suffer
with hunger in consequence. For the
sake of keeping holy the Sabbath day,
they perhaps fall into disfavor with their
heathen masters or landlords, who, of
course, prefer to have them work all the
time, especially in harvest ; but they pre-
fer to do this rather than to break the Sab-
bath. The famine has been a great trial
to them, and I fear that some, unaccus-
tomed to labor on this sacred day, have
been driven to it by hunger.
Success among the Lowly.
It is much more pleasant to labor
among these simple, teachable people,
than to preach to the proud and bigoted
high-caste heathen, who call in question
every word we utter, and treat our
message with indifference or contempt.
Yet this is not always so. I am happy
to say, that the heathen of all classes
will often listen to our message with
attention and candor. Our success, hith-
erto, has been mostly with the lower
classes, but we are gradually working
up, and Shanars, Naiks, and, in solitary
cases, those of higher castes, have em-
braced Christianity, though, as yet, not
generally enough to wipe away the re-
proach, that ours a Pariah religion. I •
remember that the Lord has chosen the
poor of this world to be rich in faith, and
rejoice the more in this feature of our
work, because it agrees with the experi-
ence of the church of Christ in all ages,
and is according to God’s plan.
After returning from the tour to which the
foregoing extracts relate, Mr. Noyes went to
the hills, on business connected with the
sanitarium, and on the 24th of February he
commenced a journey to Madras, to meet
his wife, returning from the United States.
With reference to this journey also, he gives
extracts from an account of it, written, as he
says, for another purpose.
In passing, recently, from Dindigul
through a part of the Coiambatore and
Salem districts, to Madras, I tarried for a
day at several large villages ; and among
my observations and inquiries, I endeav-
ored to ascertain what was being done
for the spiritual welfare of the inhabitants
of this section of country, as well as to
do, myself, what I could, in distributing
tracts and preaching the Gospel. Leav-
ing Dindigul, I took a road not much
traveled, directly north, to Karrur, forty-
five miles. There are very few villages
of importance on this road north of Din-
digul, and the country is comparatively
waste and barren until we enter the Co-
iambatore district. As we approach the
Cavery river, the face of the country pre-
sents an entirely new aspect. Instead of
rocks, sand and jungle, with sparse trees
and a sparse population, we have exten-
sive rice fields, palmyra and cocoa-nut
groves, plantain and betel gardens, with
large and numerous villages. The talook
of Karrur is said to be the most produc-
tive of any one in the Coiambatore dis-
trict. Karrur village is one of the largest
in the talook. Being a centre, with a
large number of inhabitants within, and
numerous villages around it, one would
take it to be a good residence for a mis-
sionary and a favorable place for mission-
ary operations. But on inquiry, I could
not find that any kind of missionary
agency was being employed any where
Madura 3Iission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes.
in this region. Salem, fifty miles to the
north, Dindigul, forty-five miles to the
south, and Coiambatore, seventy miles
west, are the nearest centres of mission-
ary influence to Karrur, and unfortu-
nately the influence from neither place
has extended so far. The American
missionaries confine their labors to the
Madura Collectorate ; the missionary of
the London Society in Salem, has much
more than he can attend to nearer home,
in his own district ; and Mr. Addis of
Coiambatore, can do very little, if any
thing, for this so distant part of his large
district. Between Karrur and Salem is
a fine country, containing many popu-
lous villages, but next to nothing has
been done for the spiritual welfare of the
Of the missionary operations of Rev. Mr.
Lechler and wife, in and around Salem, our
brother gives a very pleasant account. He
then says :
From Salem to the railroad terminus, I
traveled by slow stages, tarrying at sev-
eral places on the road, where I endeav-
ored, as I was able, to make known
Christ and the true way of salvation.
The destitution on this side of Salem is
no less lamentable than on the other. In
one village I found a solitary Christian,
without any stated means of grace. He
urged me to remain over the Sabbath.
Not being able to do this, I appointed a
meeting at the public bungalow, which
he, his family, and several Roman Cath-
olics attended. I could find scarcely a
trace of missionary operations until I
came to Tripatore, eighty miles from
Salem, where the mission of the Free
Church of Scotland has an Anglo-ver-
nacular school, which had been in opera-
tion nearly a year. The two young men
who are employed as teachers of this
school came to see me, at the public
bungalow, and attended a meeting which
I had appointed on the Sabbath.
Influence of a Tract.
These young men gave me an account
of their conversion, in which I was much
interested. They received their first
knowledge of Christianity from a tract,
which was given to one of them by a
missionary who was passing through the
village. He read it in the hearing of
two of his companions. All three were
impressed with the truth of their sinful-
ness, and had thoughts of becoming her-
mits. They needed more light; and
providentially a copy of a larger tract,
entitled “ Spiritual Teaching,” was given
to one of them. From this they learned
the way of God more perfectly, and de-
termined to make a journey to Madras
to see a missionary. They were direct-
ed to the Anderson school, where they
remained for some time under religious
instruction. They became Christians ;
were baptized; and two of them have
been for some time employed as teachers
in their native place. The other is em-
ployed in the “ Railroad Department.”
On my way from this place, until
reaching the vicinity of Vellore, where I
took the cars, I stopped at several vil-
lages to which the Arcot mission had oc-
casionally extended its itinerating labors ;
but between Vellore and Salem, except-
ing this one school, there were no marks
of a regular missionary agency. The
dearth of missionary influence in these
parts is great in the extreme, but there
are many portions of Southern India
which are equally destitute. One-half of
the Tamil country is entirely unoccupied,
and even the districts which have been
more or less occupied by missionaries, as
South Travancore, Tinnevelly, Madura
and Tanjore, urgently need a great in-
crease of laborers. For a population of
ten millions, scattered over an area of
56,000 square miles, the whole European
missionary agency is only ninety-three —
one ordained missionai'y to about ninety
thousand souls! When will Christians
in Europe and America awake to a proper
realization of the vastness of this mis-
sionary field, and send out an adequate
number of laborers to cultivate it ! If
Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes.
not already ripe for the harvest, it is
quite ready for sowing the good seed.
In all the places which I have visited on
this journey, I have found the people
willing to hear the Gospel, and eager to
obtain tracts and portions of Scripture.
The same is the case in almost all parts
of the Tamil country.
Periaculum — Native Helpers and Pastor.
Mr. Noyes proceeded from Vellore to Ma-
dras, where he met his wife, and in due time
returned with her to Periaculum. Respecting
the conduct and influence of the native help-
ers and a native pastor he writes, while ab-
sent on another tour :
Soon after reaching my station, from
which I had been absent nearly three
months, I called a general meeting of my
catechists and teachers, and listened to
their reports. I was encouraged to find,
that in my absence the work had pro-
gressed, and that the helpers generally
had been faithful. The Sabbath before
I left home for this tour, I attended ser-
vice at the church over which E. Sey-
mour is pastor. This young brother,
after going through a prescribed course
of study, and sustaining a thorough ex-
amination before the mission, was or-
dained in December last. His people
are united in him, and he exerts a good
influence over them, but they do not feel
able to do much towards his support. On
this Sabbath the Lord’s supper was ad-
ministered, and three men were admitted
to the church and baptized. It was an
interesting season. I had not before
been present when the native pastor ad-
ministered the ordinance. I was pleased
with the great propriety with which he
officiated, and the apparent interest man-
ifested by the communicants.
Writing from Coyelapurum, June 10, he
This morning I visited a small con-
gregation two miles from this place.
After the usual meeting, the school was
examined. There are thirteen scholars,
taught by a graduate of the female board-
ing school, the sister of the catechist and
a widow. On arriving at this, one of
my largest and best congregations, men,
women and children thronged the way
to the church to meet me, as usual, glad
to see their missionary. Many of the
people have gone to their work, and will
not return until evening. Those who
have come have much to say. Their
well has caved in, and they wish me to
come and see it. Their church-sweeper
needs a new cloth, and they feel too
poor, in these hard times, to buy one for
her. The motherless babe for which
Ayer bought a goat is dead ; now will
not Ayer let us sell the goat and take the
money to help repair our well ? A new
school-house is needed, the catechist’s
house needs repairs, various petty com-
plaints must be listened to, and thus the
whole time, with little snatches of read-
ing, has gone, until dinner is ready.
After dinner, while I am writing, two
catechists have gone out to two neigh-
boring congregations, which I have not
time to visit, to invite the members to
attend our evening service with this con-
In this village there are 126 catechu-
mens and 24 church members. The
church has no pastor, and, at present,
only one deacon, the other having died
recently. The deacon is an active Chris-
tian, and the catechist, who is well edu-
cated, performs some pastoral duties.
The school is small ; but with a new
teacher, fresh from Pasumalie seminary,
and with the prospect of a new school-
house, I trust it may be hereafter much
Cumbum — Difficulties.
The church edifice in Cumbum is a
large square building, supported on posts
in the centre, with mud walls at the sides
and a roof of thatch. It has been the
place of worship for this congregation
twenty years. The first generation of
Christians which worshiped in it has
nearly passed away, and their children
are taking their places. The people
Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes.
have advanced far less in Christian
knowledge than they would have done
were they not so far away from the sta-
tion, which has been, until w’ithin a few
years, most of the time without a resi-
dent missionary. Cumbum congregation
is in comparatively good worldly circum-
stances, but it is hard to teach those who
have always had every thing done for
them, to do much for themselves. They
have learned to do a little by way of
keeping their church in repair, but far
less than they ought to do. They desire
a new church and offer to do considera-
ble towards erecting one, but I am not
able to furnish them the aid they require.
They have been, for some time, much
distracted by divisions and contentions.
The unruly members, six in number,
have been struck from the list, and there
is at present comparative peace and
Additions to the Church.
I spent the Sabbath at this place, and
three services were held in the church.
At the afternoon service the Lord’s sup-
per was celebrated, and six new mem-
bers were received to the communion of
the church, on profession of their faith.
These, with two children, were baptized.
After the evening service a marriage was
solemnized, and another the next morn-
ing. On Monday morning I should have
visited another congregation, seven miles
farther from home, but rain prevented.
The village in which I now write is four
miles from Cumbum, on my way home.
I have put up here for the day, and as
the congregation have gone to their
work, I spend the time in attending to
some business with several catechists
who have come together from adjacent
villages, and in conversation with indi-
viduals as they call upon me. In the
cool of the afternoon I am to visit a vil-
lage two miles distant, where a few peo-
ple have lately shown a disposition to
embrace Christianity, and then return to
hold a meeting with this congregation in
Thevaurum and Bodinackanoor.
Thevaurum is the residence of a Zemin-
dar, who has done a great deal to injure
our congregations in these parts. Hav-
ing held an evening meeting with what
remains of the congregation, which has
been thoroughly sifted by the Zemindar’s
persecutions, I went on eleven miles,
through sand and jungle, traveling nearly
all night, to the last Christian village in
my circuit, Bodinackanoor. This is also
the residence of a Zemindar, but he is
friendly to the Christians. In this vil-
lage I remained through the day. In the
morning, the members of the congrega-
tion, men, women and children, came in
a company to the church, bringing a
plate loaded with plantains, lemons and
limes. Each one had also a lime to pre-
sent personally. This congregation is
composed almost entirely of young mar-
ried men. Their wives for a long time
would not attend church, but now they
are quite as regular, and seem as much
interested, as the men. The young man
who has labored as catechist in this con-
gregation for about three years, has been
very faithful, and has taught the congre-
gation more of the Bible than they had
learned before in twice that time. I
spent most of the morning in hearing
them recite Bible History. In the after-
noon the Lord’s supper Avas administered,
and three men were received to the
church, on profession of their faith, in-
creasing the number of members to
This has been to me an interesting
tour, and I trust not unprofitable to the
people. I have traveled eighty-eight
miles, have visited eleven congregations,
administered the Lord’s supper in four
churches, received to the church nine
persons, baptized eight adults and six
children, solemnized three marriages,
and have preached in season and out of
season, and had occasion to warn, re-
buke and exhort, with all long-suffering
and patience. Several congregations
1859 . Ahmednuggur Mission : — Letter from Mr, BaJlantine. 363
were not visited, and at one of the
churches the Lord’s supper was not cele-
brated. I have been away seven days,
and am glad to get back to my home.
gil^mcbmtggur p^ission. —
LETTER FROM MR. B A L.LA:«TINE, AUGUST
18 , 1859 .
Interesting Occasion at Ahmednuggur,
Mr. Ballaxtine writes, that Lord El-
phinston, Governor of Bombay, spending a
few weeks at Ahmednuggur, as the guest of
the excellent Collector of the district, C. E.
Fraser Tytler, Esq., signified a wish to visit
the mission schools. Accordingly the differ-
ent schools were brought together in the mis-
sion chapel, on Monday, August 8, when the
Governor and his suite came in. The girls
of Mrs. Ballantine’s school, the boys of the
school for catechists, and the members of the
theological class, were examined in various
branches of study. Many of the details given
by Mr. Ballantine, in regard to this gathering
of the schools, and other occasions of interest
to the missionaries during the visit of the
Governor, were not designed for the public,
but portions of his letter may be published,
for the encouragement of the friends of mis-
sions. He says :
The whole examination seemed to in-
terest the audience very much, especially
when they were told that all these young
men, and the boys and girls of the schools,
were either converts themselves or chil-
dren of converts. We had also quite a
large number of native Christians assem-
bled in the chapel, at the particular request
of Mr. and Mrs. Tytler ; and one or two of
the gentlemen present remarked that they
had no idea of any such missionary op-
erations, and of such a body of native
Christians here. The Governor made
many inquiries about the Christians, and
remarked that he was pleased to see that
we did not change the dress of our con-
verts, as a change of dress must diminish
their influence among their own people.
The exercises were commenced by
singing the Mahratta Hymn, “ God save
the Queen,” and closed by singing in
Mahratta, Bishop Heber’s Hymn, “ From
Greenland’s icy mountains.” The whole
I company rose and stood while these
hymns were sung. Lord Elphinston ex-
pressed himself as very much pleased
with what he saw at the examination,
not only to us personally, but afterwards,
as we were told, to Mr. and Mrs. Tytler.
On Friday, Mrs. Tytler invited the
girls of Mrs. Ballantine’s and Miss Far-
rar’s schools, and the Christian women,
to a great entertainment in her garden.
A few also of our Christian young men
went with them, and in all, there was a
company of one hundred and fifty or more.
Lord Elphinston came to see them with
the gentlemen of his suite, some of
whom remarked to me afterwards, that
they were very much delighted to see
such a large company of native Chris-
tians. It seemed to be the effort of Mr.
and Mrs. Tytler on this occasion, to show
to the whole community that native Chris-
tians were the objects of their special
regard. This, in these days of Govern-
ment religious neutrality, was very grat-
ifying to us.
I have been more particular in describ-
ing these circumstances, partly because
our operations are entirely in the vernac-
ular, and the policy we are pursuing is
adopted by but few missions in this coun-
try, though it evidently commends itself as
a wise policy to those who have an oppor-
tunity of seeing the results ; and also be-
cause, in these days, when this Govern-
ment is required to be entirely neutral on
matters of religion, it is pleasant to find
that there are individuals, in the highest
places of authority, who are pleased to
see the progress of the Gospel in this
land, and are willing to show publicly
their interest in the native Christians,
now a large and constantly increasing
body, and to help in the good work of
spreading the Gospel.
gtssgria fission. —
LETTER FROM DR. HASKELL, AUGUST
15 , 1859 .
Dr. Haskell left Mosiil, with his wife, in
Assyina 3Tission : — Letter from Dr. Haskell.
the latter part of April, arriving at Mardin,
May 17 ; yet they had suffered considerably, he
says, from the heat, and concluded that, here-
after, they ought to leave as early as the first
of April. He speaks of the heat of Mosul as
“terrible,” and queries whether that place
must not ultimately be made an out-station
of Amadia. In writing in regard to Mardin,
he mentions some pleasing facts, as well as
some which are adverse.
Progress — The Dispensary.
There has been steady progress in the
work at Mardin this summer. The Sab-
bath congregation has increased from
twenty-five to thirty-five, and soon after
our arrival Mrs. Haskell commenced a
weekly meeting for women, which has
about a dozen attendants. Few venture
to our regular meetings until they are
committed as Protestants.
The dispensary has drawn crowds to
us ; we have had more than a hundred
visitors in a day. It did not seem expe-
dient to have a regular service, as in
Mosul, but we endeavored to converse
with every Christian who came. My
tongue is not yet very fluent in Arabic,
so the burden of conversation has fallen
upon the helper, Behnan. He has often
talked from morning till night, and one
evening came in saying : “ I think I shall
be killed by talking. The people are
with me all day, and I cannot be silent;
and every night I am completely ex-
The Jacobite and papal priests soon
became alarmed, and forbade any to come
to us for medicine, so that for a month
we have had comparatively few callers.
The people think, that in hot weather
medicine is highly injurious, and this
perhaps, more than the priests’ injunction,
has lessened the number of visitors.
We know of numbers who are inquir-
ing into this new way, but are afraid to
avow themselves. A man who had be-
gun to attend our meetings was seized a
few days since, and required to pay a
tax of one hundred and thirty piasters.
He is so poor that hitherto nothing has
been taken from him, and not being able
to pay this, he wa^ thrown into prison
until he promised to leave the Protestants.
A poor woman, who has been at Mrs.
Haskell’s meetings, and sometimes at the
chapel, was last week sent for by the
Patriarch, who told her: “You must
leave those Protestants. Whatever they
have given you, even to 2,000 piasters,
($80,) you must return, and we will give
you as much.” She snapped her fingers
in his face and said : “ They have never
given me one para,” — (a mill.) “ But,”
continued he, “ they are very bad people,
and you will be ruined by them.” “ They
are not,” she replied, “ I have been to
the house and listened to the words of
the hartoon, (the lady,) and have heard
the preaching in the church, and I have
never heard or seen any thing bad.
They teach the Gospel.”
The thing feared more than all others
is excommunication, and the Protestants
have suffered greatly from this. No one
is allowed to trade with excommunicated
persons, to receive them into a house, or
even to speak with them. They can col-
lect no debts, and are despised and
abused by all. It requires a great deal
of moral courage to put one’s self in the
position of an accursed one, whom the
boys in the street may cast dirt upon
Within a few days the taxes have been
assessed anew upon the Protestants, and
two individuals have been compelled to
pay 250 piasters more than is justly due.
We have endeavored to obtain the re-
moval of the excommunication, and a
rating of the taxes of the Protestants ac-
cording to those of the other communities,
but in vain. The Governor of Mardin
several times promised to do all that we
wished, but a Turk's word is the poorest
of all assurances. Several applications
to the English consul have been equally
Want of Protection.
Dr. Haskell presents a dark picture of the
Assyria Mission : — Letter from Mr. Marsh.
condition of the country in regard to religious
liberty, and the general character and conduct
of government officials. His experience, ob-
viously, has been less favorable than that of
many other missionaries, partly, at least, be-
cause he has been further from the centre of
authority and influence. He writes :
It is impossible to protect ourselves ;
much more, this persecuted people. We
are exposed to insult every time we step
into the streets. I have been hooted at,
and called by all the vile terms which
Moslem boys know so well how to use,
from one end of the city to the other,
scores of times ; and our complaint to the
Governor, for whose family I have spent
no little time and medicine, received the
very consoling reply : “ No matter if they
do revile you, don’t listen to them.*’ Sol-
diers beat our servants in the streets, and
plunder them of their marketing, and the
only satisfaction we get on complaint to
the commanding officer is : “ Well, I told
them to do it.” There is no American
consul in this part of the Empire, and our
Ambassador at Constantinople is power-
less to protect us.
Religious toleration in Turkey is a
myth. The members of the Christian
sects even, are not free to choose their
religion. Not one of the provisions of
the great firman has taken effect in these
interior provinces, and the condition of
the Christians is even worse, in some re-
spects, than before the war.
The Government of Turkey is utterly
corrupt. I have never known an honest
Turkish official. The Pashas of the
provinces, and the highest officers of the
Empire, take bribes openly and constant-
ly, with not the least shatne. Justice is
turned aside and truth is trodden to the
earth. In all matters brought before the
Government, the party which gives the
largest bribe gains the case. Moslems
and papists scruple at nothing, and Pro-
testants cannot bribe if they would, so
they have no chance for justice. Papists,
too, are protected by all the force of
French influence, while Protestants are
disowned by those who could protect
LETTER FROM MR. MARSH, AUGUST 22,
Death ff Mrs. Marsh and “ JValHeJ'
Amoxg items of recent intelligence in the
November Herald, the announcement was
made, that Mrs. Marsh, of Mosul, had been
suddenly called to her home above. The
particulars of the event, so deeply afflictive,
not only to the bereaved husband and other
immediate relatives, but to all the surviving
members of the often afflicted Assyria mis-
sion, and to the many who feel for and with
them, are given in this letter from Mr. Marsh.
And while we And him bowing so meekly to
the will of God, others will be ready to say,
with him, The will of the Lord be done.
Mr. and Mrs. Marsh, and Mrs. Lobdell, had
decided to spend the summer in Mosul, while
Dr. and Mrs. Haskell would go to Mardin.
Little "Waldo Marsh was sick with fever
before Dr. Haskell left, and he wished to
remain ; but as he had engaged his muleteers,
and the child seemed better, it was decided
that he should go on. For a few days the
dear boy continued apparently better, when
the disease assumed an unfavorable aspect,
and on the 5th of May he “went before.”
His age was two years and near five months.
Mr. Marsh writes:
We thanked God that his death occur-
red while it was yet cool, and that he
was spared all the heats of summer, and
now, all the pains of this lower world.
A fortnight later, Mrs. Marsh had a
severe attack of fever and we talked
much of death. The gracious Savior
had wonderfully sustained her, and taken
away all fear even of the agony of dying.
The presence of the Holy Comforter was
granted in such measure, that I felt that
she was ripe for heaven. Yet God was
merciful to us, and she almost immedi-
She had taken a class of five little
Arab girls, and now that Wallie no
longer needed her care, she devoted
herself to them with new diligence.
Mrs. Haskell had assisted her in this
care during the winter and spring, and
now Mrs. Lobdell was able to help, and
the children made such rapid progress
as to fill our hearts, and the hearts of
their parents, with great joy. Up to the
Assyria Mission : — Letter from Mr, Marsh.
day but one before she died, they con-
tinued to come. Then, as she had a
little fever, she dismissed them till the
She had some sweet hymns prepared
for them by Behnan Hassouna, one of
our native helpers who studied at Abeih ;
and the children enjoyed them, and often
repeated and sung them. We hoped
these few day scholars would be the
nucleus of a future school of more value.
On the night of Tuesday before she
died, she had a little fever, which con-
tinued on Wednesday. It was not nearly
so severe as the fever she had in May,
and none of us thought it serious. The
next day, Thursday, she was free from
fever, and wrote two pages of a letter
to Mrs. Walker. The American post
came in, and she enjoyed it as usual.
Friday, (the day she died,) she break-
fasted and dined with us as usual, ex-
cept that a part of the time at dinner
she sat upon a lounge, close by. After
dinner the fever returned, but before tea
it was light, her pulse reaching only 100,
or 102. She did not take tea with us,
but after tea sat up in her chair, while I
was talking with some native friends.
The night before, after sundown, the
mercury was 113° — the hottest weather
I have ever known in Mosul. During
the day, in our court, it was 120°. This
night, the mercury was 111° after sun-
down. We concluded to sleep on the
roof as usual, where the mercury would
not be much above 100°. During the
afternoon she had been much oppressed
for breath, but on applying oil to her fore-
head and nose, the difficulty was removed.
Although we were accustomed always
to speak with the utmost freedom of
death, especially since the departure of
her darling boy, yet none of us thought
of it as probable now. In her letter to
Mrs. Walker, written the day before,
she alluded confidently to the future.
After sleeping a little upon the roof
she said to me : “ I am perspiring nicely.
All my pains are gone. I could not have
believed I could change so much, so soon.
I am perfectly comfortable, only I do
not want to stir, lest the burning dryness
should return.” These are her words
as nearly as I can recall them. Fifteen
minutes later she said : “ Oh ! I have
got back just where I was before ; I am
dry all over.” She was, indeed, in a
burning fever ; and we concluded to
come down and sleep inside, as the wind
had risen a little. She came part of the
way alone, but I half carried her most
of the way. This was about nine
o’clock, P. M. Half an hour later, more
or less, she made some remark which
led me to suspect that her mind wander-
ed, and I rose and dressed myself at
once. For a while she was quiet, but
finally began to toss about, and was
plainly growing quite delirious. I could
not quiet her so as to take her pulse, but
her body felt like fire. She did not
recognize me, and I could not leave her
for a moment. She wanted to walk
about, and soon began to say : “ I want
to go and sing,” repeating it thirty or
forty times. I took her in my arms to a
lounge in the court. She continued
saying: “I want to go and sing before;”
and then, “Before — before — before;”
then “ Be — be,” for several hundred
times. Mrs. Lobdell and Halata, a fa-
vorite nurse, came. She fainted. We
put her feet in hot water, and sent for
leeches, and for an Armenian doctor,
who bled her, but in vain. Before half-
past eleven, P. M., her spirit had gone.
She died August 12, 1859, aged thirty
years, and two months.
Three days before, August 9, she put
down the date, and marked a piece of
poetry, of which I will quote one verse.
She thought of her two children, both in
“ Side by side, in garments spotless,
Angels twain, how blest are we ;
Kindly Jesus Christ did call us—
‘ Little children, come to me ! ’
Soon the Lord will call you homeward ;
Side by side we then will come —
Stand to greet you at the portals
Of our everlasting home.”
I have no doubt those little ones, out
Southern Armenians : — Letter from Dr. Pratt.
of whose mouth is perfected praise, have
welcomed her safe home.
It is now nearly ten years since she
made choice to labor with me, in mission
life. In two months, it will be seven
years since we were married ; it is more
than six years and a half, since she
sailed, and six years and three months,
since she reached Mosdl. Her mother
and her only sister did not live to be
thirty years old ; yet it is probable that
her life was shortened by coming to this
land. It is probable that the exceeding
heat, so unusually extreme, cutting the
leaves from the tree in our court by
thousands, and causing many natives of
the country to fall dead by the road-
side, was the immediate occasion of her
Yet she was ready ; her lamp was
trimmed and burning; and especially,
subsequent to the remarkable gift of the
Holy Comforter after the death of her
child. She always expressed herself as
delighted that she lived in Mosul rather
than with her dear parents in New York ;
or in Hartford, her childhood’s home.
At the death-bed of Dr. Lobdell, and of
Mrs. Harriet Williams, who died on her
own bed in our house, she grew well
acquainted with the kiqg of terrors ; and
when, from the other verge of the dark
river, she saw the Savior bearing away
our lamb in his bosom, death ceased to
have any terror.
Why it pleased God to take her down
blindfold into the dark valley I cannot
tell. But he spared her all the pain of
farewell, and while in a vague dream
she was exclaiming : “ I want to go and
sing before” — she went to sing, with ten
thousand times ten thousand, and a great
multitude whom no man can number ; to
sing before the throne, the song of
Moses and the Lamb. Knowing well,
as I do, the choice of her life, her self-
denial and growing unselfishness, I can-
not doubt that her robes are washed
and made white in the blood of the
Lamb, and she adoring and praising
Prospects at Mosul.
What shall I say of the future pros-
pects of Mosfil. Mrs. Lobdell now
desires, if the mission approves, to start
for America about October I. The
habits and feelings and prejudices of the
country, would make it hardly expedient
for us both to remain, related as we are.
I now expect to conduct her to the sea-
shore, and then return to this field. God
will direct the future, and your prayers
will ascend with ours.
The reported death of a papist out of
town, and the refusal of the priests to
pray him out of purgatory, led to a re-
quest for me, and our Protestant preach-
ers, to supply preaching for the usual
three days of mourning. We had solemn
audiences of forty or fifty, and once, one
hundred and fifteen or one hundred and
twenty persons, not accustomed to hear
our preaching, and who pronounced it
There is a work in this city, which
our native brethren now believe will go
on, even though no missionary ever set
foot again within these walls. But we
hope better things of the American
churches. May God open their hearts
to offer unto him costly offerings, well
pleasing in his sight.
S5outIjern: ^rmeniait fission. — I^urlug.
LETTER FROM DR. PRATT, SEPTEMBER
" 10 , 1859 .
Dr. Pratt writes from Marash, where he
had been for a few weeks, in accordance with
the action of the mission. “We had the
pleasure,” he says, “of worshiping under
the unfinished roof of our new church last
Sabbath, for the first time.” He writes, how-
ever, not in regard to Marash mainly, but
respecting an out-station of Aleppo, his own
field, mentioning specially a state of things
among Mohammedans which is very promis-
Encouragements at Killis.
In my recent visit to Killis, I found
some interesting circumstances. When
I was there in April, the people them-
selves were cold, and the audiences at
the new chapel small and unsatisfactory.
Even then, there were frequent Mussul-
man hearers ; but we felt a degree of
dissatisfaction with the result of our
church-building labors. Since then, how-
ever, there has been a great increase of
interest, and the number of Mussulman
hearers is quite considerable. I know of
no place where any such interest has
been awakened among them. Every Sab-
bath, as many as five men and women,
and oftener ten or fifteen, are found lis-
tening to the sermons. So constant has
it become, that the preacher often adapts
his language to the Moslems, using terms
peculiar to them. I attended the women’s
meeting on Wednesday. There were
seventy-five present, five or six at least
being Moslems. They often come to the
school, asking when the “ hadis ” (their
term for a sermon from their Moollahs)
is to begin.
Do not suppose that there is any gen-
eral inquiry into the truth of Christianity,
even among those who come. The fact
is simply this — they recognize the gen-
eral excellence of the doctrine preached,
and their better nature longs for it. As
our helper said, they are hungry for spir-
itual food. They hear, indeed, some
things which offend them, but most of it
is approved by their consciences. One
was overheard one day, in his shop, re-
peating, with much commendation, the
heads of a sermon on covetousness, which
he had heard the day before. There is
an unusual degree of freedom in that
place, and though I do not suppose the
harvest to have come, I rejoice at such
opportunities to sow seed, and feel, now,
that our neat little chapel was not built
in vain. Such facts as these are signs.
Are we, and are the churches, prepared,
or preparing, for the great things which
will surely take place among this people ?
I believe it will be with a baptism of the
Holy Ghost, perhaps a baptism of fire.
The common school also is in a very
■Letter from Mr. Allen. Dec.
flourishing condition, containing about
120 scholars, a large proportion, of course,
being from the Armenians. The Bishop
removes the scholars, and in a few days
they return, saying they do not like the
other school. The school is v/ell organ-
ized, on the monitorial system, and is
very orderly and well behaved. It at-
tracts much notice from all classes, espe-
cially Mussulmans, and is visited by the
chief men of the place.
The Armenians are building a large
and expensive church, and are very earn-
estly engaged in it ; a portion of them
cherishing the hope that there will be no
pictures placed in it. This hope will not
be realized, and they will the more easily
turn their backs on their old connections.
Our hearts are saddened, and many
apprehensions are raised in our minds,
by the embarrassments of the Board’s
^orll^ern g^rnttniEn piissicn. —
KHARPO O T.
LETTER FROM MR. ALLEN, AUGUST 12,
Mr. Allen commences his letter by re-
marking, that having been for some time
alone at the station, he had had little time for
writing. Mr. Wheeler had now returned
from attending the annual meeting of the
mission, and Mr. Barnum, also designated
to that place, had arrived at Kharpoot. Re-
porting the state of the work, our brother
first refers to
For a year and a half, previous to May
last, there was no perceptible increase in
our city congregations, but in the begin-
ning of May a remarkable change took
place in the attendance. This was the
case particularly with a Bible-class, held
every Sabbath morning at our principal
chapel, in the eastern section of the
city. The number became so large at
length, that I put up a gallery, covering
one-third of the chapel, to accommodate
the women, leaving all the lower part for
the men. The largest attendance at the
Northern Armenians : — Letter from Mr. Allen.
Bible- class has been 160, the smallest,
120. An anathema, read at one of the
Armenian churches a few weeks since,
has somewhat diminished the number of
new comers. Bible-classes have also
been established in all of the Armenian
churches, with the hope of keeping the
people from coming to the chapel. In
these classes, so far as I have heard, the
time has been occupied in discussing
“foolish questions.” But though they
derive no profit, we rejoice to see such a
state of public opinion as compels the
ecclesiastics to turn aside from their
old, beaten path, and at least pretend
to explain the Scriptures to their peo-
Priest Kevork — Out-Stations.
Priest Kevork, who went back to the
Armenian church more than a year ago,
still continues to preach the Gospel,
neither Vartabeds nor people making any
objection. His place is now in one of
the large churches in the city. That he
is thus allowed freely to preach in an
Armenian church, furnishes cheering ev-
idence that the prejudices of the people
are giving way before the power of the
Of the out-stations, only Palu, Choon-
koosh, Hooeli and Sursuri have been oc-
cupied during the summer. Preaching
services have been kept up on the Sab-
bath at Hulahkegh and Mezereh, supplied
from the city. Hoghi has been visited
by a helper every Sabbath, while Ha-
boosi, Ichmeh, and Shukhaji, have been
visited monthly by some of the class of
helpers. The audiences at Palu and
Hulahkegh, as well as at the city, have
Neio Chapel at Hulahkegh.
The room occupied as a chapel at Hulah-
kegh had become too strait for the audience,
and with the assistance of native brethren, in
money, materials and labor, a new chapel, 24
feet by 34, has been provided. “ A small
upper room is also built at one side, for the
accommodation of those who go there to
preach on the Sabbath.” It is, Mr. Allen
VOL. LV. 24
says, “an occasion of great rejoicing, both to
us and to our native brethren there, that we
have so comfortable a place in which to
preach the Gospel ; and we shall now confi-
dently expect to realize the hopes inspired
by former signs of promise.”
Sale of Books — Efforts of Papists.
Contrary to our expectations, the sale
of books has not fallen off materially
during the summer, which is the dull
season for trade here. The number of
Bibles, Testaments and Psalms sold in
the city and at out-stations, during the
first seven months of the present year, is
457, and of other bound volumes 710, for
which we have received 450 dollars.
The sale of Bibles and religious books
has, by the blessing of God, become an
important part of our work, and even if
we could do nothing more, we feel that
it w'ould be well worth our time and
strength to place so many good books,
especially God’s word, in the hands of
The Catholics have of late been mak-
ing strenuous effort to gain a foothold in
the city. At Mezereh, the seat of the
Pashalic, where most of the would-be
Franks reside, there has been, for twm
years past, a considerable Catholic party.
Lately they have established a school in
the city. We hear of their efforts, also,
in some of the villages of the plain.
The chief Vartabed has contiibuted
somewhat to strengthen this party, not
by direct efforts, but by being a very un-
acceptable man to the Armenians. This
Vartabed, however, is now removed, and
Aristarchus Vartabed has been appointed
in his place. He was formerly here, and
was very much liked by the people. He
was also very friendly to us, calling to
see us, and making no opposition to our
work. We esteem him a man of integ-
rity, education and talent, and have great
reason to hope that his influence upon
the people will contribute to the advance-
ment of the work ; not only in restraining
his people from going over to Catholi-
cism, but also in favoring the circulation
of the Scriptures among them.
Educating Helpers — Neio Pasha.
Eight of our helpers, together with
four other promising young men, have
been under the instruction of our native
preacher for three and a half months.
They are very zealous in the prosecution
of their studies, and have made commend-
able progress. Since hearing of the ac-
tion of the annual meeting, transferring
the theological school from Tocat to this
place, we have discontinued the recita-
tions of this class, in order that both
teacher and scholars may be preparing
for the opening of the school, which will
commence September J3th.
A new Pasha has been located here
since we last wrote you. We have had
no business with him as yet, but from
what we have heard he seems to be a
man of more energy and independence
than his predecessors. Recently he gave
an order, giving to the Armenians of
Agin liberty to use a “ gochnak,” or
board which, being beaten with mallets,
answers for a bell in Eastern churches.
The Turks of the place interfered and
prevented them from using it. This hav-
ing been made knowm to the Pasha, he
brought eight or ten of the chief men
and put them in prison, saying : “ Who
are you, that you resist my orders.”
LETTER FROM MR. DODD, SEPTEMBER
Mr. Dodd refers to the labors of helpers in
several places around Smyrna, making state-
ments respecting these places, and also in
regard to incidents in Smyrna, which will be
read with much interest.
Progress at Magnesia.
A helper has just returned from Mag-
nesia. You may remember that nine
months ago I spent a little time there,
and although I had very little access to
the mass of the people, there were en-
couraging signs, amid the darkness. My
house was marked and watched by spies.
I had difficulty in getting a servant.
'Letter from Mr. Dodd. Dec.
Both Greek and Armenian Bishops warn-
ed their people against me, and even
seemed afraid to speak to me in the street.
I was alone in the midst of the crowd,
and worst of all, the only Protestant who
gave evidence of true piety was so filled
with fear that he only dared visit me in
the darkness of night, and rarely even
thus. Able to do little else, I spent my
time very much in prayer, and went away
from the place finally, wuth the confidence
that day was about to dawn there.
We determined to send a helper, but
found no one, until recently, whom it
seemed best to send. He has just re-
turned, and reports quite a change in the
place. The people conversed freely, and
invited him to their houses to talk of
spiritual things. He carried his Bible
with him, and read and talked about it
The Armenians of Magnesia reside by
themselves, in what is called the “ upper
village.” When I was there, I could get
no access whatever in this part of the
towm. I walked through it again and
again, stopped and talked with solitary
individuals, but found no way of getting
among the people and visiting their
houses. But now, our helper had spent
a Sabbath in that upper village, reading
and expounding the Bible. The Protes-
tant who had been so fearful, (pilgrim
Stepan,) had grown bolder, and invited
him to his house. He found another
who frequently had gatherings at his
house, of those who would hear the Gos-
pel and discuss its truth. We have
much hope for Magnesia.
Difficulties at Thyatira.
From Thyatira we have sadder news
to tell. A difficulty between church mem-
bers, which we thought settled in the
spring, proved to be only smothered, has
broken out again more violently, and the
work of God stands still. The native
preacher injudiciously allowed himself to
be drawn into it as a partisan, and we
may find it necessary to send him else-
where. I propose to go there in about a
Northern Armenians : — Letter from Mr. Dwight.
fortnight. May I have wisdom and grace,
and may God soften their hearts.
In Smyrna itself, Mr. Dodd says, there is
progress, though it is not very marked at
present. He speaks of a Persian who, for
six months, has heard more or less of the
truth, and professed to believe, though his
heart is unaffected ; and of two Mohammedan
negro slaves, who give evidence of being much
interested. One of them asks for baptism,
and her mistress, “ a beautiful Circassian
woman,” approves of it.
A Turk Seeking Books.
A few days ago, our colporter Sarkis
met in the street a Turkish officer, who,
to his surprise, greeted him with an ori-
ental embrace, as an old friend. He
proved to be one who had known him in
the Crimea, (Sarkis was there during the
war,) and who is commander of one of
the Sultan’s frigates, just now in our
harbor. He inquired after Sarkis’s busi-
ness, and finding that he carried books
to sell, for the missionaries, asked if he
had any Turkish Testaments. Being an-
swered in the affirmative, he invited him
to go on board of the frigate with a
supply of books, saying: “We will sell
them to the men also.” Before leaving
him he repeated the invitation two or
three times, and begged him not to fail.
He has gone on board to-day.
An Earnest Laborer.
In this colporter we think we have
quite a treasure. He was at one time
our cook. He had many faults, and we
hesitated about receiving him to the
church ; but the grace of God has been
mighty in him. He is not learned, nor
strong minded ; but the love of souls, and
zeal for his Master, consume him. Though
feeble in body, and often suffering much,
he will walk from one end of the city to
the other for the smallest chance of doing
He was at one time servant in an
Armenian family, and now occasionally
visits them and preaches the truth. He
says they laugh at him, and call him in-
sane; but they may call him what they
like, and treat him as they like, if they
will only let him preach to them the
truth. He has sold more books in the
last three months, I think, than our yearly
sales have amounted to, for some years.
LETTER FROM MR. DWIGHT, SEPTEMBER
26 , 1859 .
Censorship of the Press.
Mr. Dwight refers, in this letter, to sev-
eral matters of interest. He first mentions
serious embarrassments of “the worthy civil
head of the Protestants,” from the want of
funds ; states that Mr. and Mrs. Clarke were
about leaving Constantinople for Philippopo-
lis, taking with them, as a helper, a prom-
ising young Greek, a book-binder, whose
employer readily sacrificed his own interests,
to allow the young man to engage more di-
rectly in labors for the good of souls ; and
then speaks of new difficulties in the opera-
tions of the mission press, growing out of the
course pursued by the government censor for
Armenian books. The censor had allowed
the publication of a book attacking all Pro-
testants, “in a shameful manner,” but would
not sanction a reply to this, prepared by Mr.
Hamlin. He had also refused to permit the
reprinting of a book, published by the mission
ten years ago, comparing Protestantism with
the papacy. Mr. Dwight says: “It was
plain enough that the Armenians were taking
advantage of this censorship of the press to
give us trouble, and that if the thing were
allowed to go on, we should eventually be
unable to publish any thing that did not suit
the Armenian church. We appealed to the
Protestant ambassadors, and the other day
we had the great satisfaction of receiving a
note from Sir Henry Bulwer, infoi-ming us
that he had procured an order from the Porte,
to have an Armenian Protestant censor ap-
pointed, to examine all Protestant books.
This is as it should be, and we give all honor
to Sir Henry, for having secured so important
a point for the native Protestants, and for us.”
Mohammedans — A Case of Interest.
Our brother next refers to a case of special
interest among Mohammedans, and to his
own strong desire to be able to preach in the
Turkish language, as well as the Armenian.
I have recently had a deeply interest-
ing interview with a Mohammedan of
372 Northern Armenians: — Letter from Mr. Divight.
high rank here. I have never met with
such a case before. I dare not give ut-
terance to all my feelings on the subject,
for we never can be sure of these orien-
tals until after a long trial ; but I felt,
when I was talking with this man, that I
saw before me a pledge of great blessings
in store for the Turkish people. Indeed,
I think we have several such pledges in
this mission field. This man professes
now to be altogether a Christian, his
whole appearance was that of a man of
deep religious feeling, and I saw nothing
to justify any suspicion of insincerity.
He is living in the very midst of the high-
est Turks of Constantinople, and openly
avows the change in his religious views,
yet no one molests him. May God give
him grace to be faithful unto death!
I feel, now, a strong desire to preach
in the Turkish language. The Arme-
nian, you know, is my preaching lan-
guage. Although I have always used
the Turkish more or less in conversation,
and especially in the transaction of busi-
ness, I never attempted to preach in it,
and it would require some few months of
special study to enable me to do so ; but
perhaps I may undertake it. My strong
desire leans that way, yet I have not
fully persuaded my judgment that, at my
time of life, and with all my other duties,
such a course would be wise.
The Threatened Insurrection.
We have lately had a very narrow es-
cape from a terrible insurrection in Con-
stantinople. The immediate cause of it
was, extensive disaffection among the
troops, in consequence of not receiving
their pay for some months back. The
bigoted Mohammedan party appear to
have taken advantage of this state of
things, and to have prevailed upon many
officers of the Turkish army, some of high
rank, to unite with them in forming a
plot for the overthrow of the present Gov-
ernment. The troops were to put the
Sultan to death as he was going to
mosque, and also his leading ministers,
who always accompany him. The Sul-
tan’s brother was to be put upon the
throne, and they hoped every thing would
then be arranged in their own way.
The plot was discovered on Thursday
night, a little more than a week ago, the
very day before the rising was to take
place ; and a large body of the ringlead-
ers, who were then secretly assembled
for the purpose of making the final
arrangements, were suddenly arrested
and put into prison. Arrests have been
taking place every day since. One
Pasha, (Jaffer Pasha,) whom they were
sending to a prison on the other side of
the Bosphorus, when half way across,
jumped into the stream, and has not
since been seen. Of course, every body
would naturally suppose that he was
drowned, but we have since learned that
he was a famous swimmer, and possibly
he is safe.
A court is now in session trying the
offenders, whe are said to be very nu-
merous. The official Government paper
has announced that, in all, there were
only thirty or forty conspirators, and that
they are chiefly Koords and Circassians !
This statement has been made sport of
by another paper, published on the
ground, (both journals being in the
French language.) Every body feels
assured that several hundreds, at least,
have been arrested, and nobody believes
that there was a Koord or Circassian
among them. It is affirmed on all hands,
that there was no intention, on the part
of the conspirators, to attack the native
Christians, or foreigners ; and this I can
easily believe ; for the most ignorant
Turk here knows that, besides the inevi-
table certainty of an immediate visitation
of the revenging fleets and armies of all
Europe, the Greek population of Con-
stantinople itself, aided as they would
soon be by swarms of their co-religionists,
from European Turkey, together with
the tens of thousands of Europeans re-
siding here, or afloat in the numberless
merchant ships that are ever crowding
this harbor, not one of whom is without
arms, would be more than a match for
Recent Intelligence — Donations.
the degenerate Moslem race living in
I feel quite sure, that no men here who
were capable of taking the lead in such
an insurrection would, at this day, insert
in their programme, the massacre of the
Christians. At the same time, it is im-
possible to predict whereunto an insur-
rection against the Turkish Government
might grow. In spite of the intention of
its leaders, it might involve an extermi-
nating religious war ; and we cannot be
too grateful to our Father who is in
heaven, for having so providentially
interfered, and led to the timely discov-
ery of so dangerous a plot. Possibly it
may now be thought necessary for the
public safety, to have several foreign
ships of war always kept at anchor in
Ahmedxuggtjr.— Mr. Ballantine writes,
September 8 :
I mentioned last month the visit of the
Governor of Bombay, Lord Elphinstone, to
our mission schools, and his donation of three
hundred rupees to the mission. Since he left
here he has sent me two hundred rupees. I
am happy to be able to say that we continue
to receive contributions from our English
friends in this country. A gentleman (in
Bombay formerly, but now in Ireland,) has
just sent us six hundred rupees, his usual
yearly subscription for the support of one of
our native pastors ; and last evening I receiv-
ed one hundred rupees from a gentleman in
Surat, the amount of his annual subscription.
I wish we might obtain enough to relieve your
Syria. — Mr. Hurter wrote from Beirut,
September 10: “I am happy to inform you,
that the affairs of the mountains are in pro-
gress of settlement, and the prospect of a
lasting peace is more hopeful. The Druzes
are obliged to restoie what they have plun-
dered, and the houses destroyed are to be
rebuilt, at their expense and that of the gov-
Greece. — Dr. King wrote from Athens,
September 24 :
I have just been, most unexpectedly, cited
to appear before the judicial authorities of
Athens, to answer to the charges brought
against me about two and a half years since,
by P. I. Kephalas. I received the citation
day before yesterday, and yesterday I was
examined for about two hours, and then the
accusation was read to me, which is so absurd,
that I doubt whether a Greek court even will
find in it cause for condemnation. Should I
be tried and condemned, the penalty is im-
prisonment from three months to two years,
and a fine of something over thirty dollars.
The accusation is as follows: “You are
accused of having united with various others,
(whose names are mentioned,) in the year 1855
and afterwards, in this place, without per-
mission of the Government, for the purpose of
assembling together from time to time, under
express forms and rules, excluding those who
were not particularly initiated, to occupy
yourselves concerning objects which refer to
religion ; guarding silence by understanding,
and concealing intentionally from the author-
ities this unlawful union — its objects, its
rules, its members, its meetings, its decisions,
its occupations ; and that you oblige them,
under oath, to keep silence and secrecy ; and
that this union had for object a new religion,
not recognized by the Government ; and that
the object of this union was also an endeavor
to increase its members.”
I have written this translation of it in a
very hasty manner, so as to send it by to-
day’s mail, but I believe it is substantially
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prev. dona. cons. Alfred B.
Miller and Richard P. Joy
H. M. 23,32 ; Joshua Green, to
cons, himself an H. M. 100 ; 123 32
Harvard, Cong. ch. 72 70
Lancaster, Cong. ch. 17,23 ; un-
known, 3 ; 20 23
Lunenburg, Cong. ch. 17 75
Townsend, do. 20 25
Westford, Rev. L. Luce, 5 00 — 735 85
Norfolk CO. Aux. So. Rev. W. L. Ropes, Tr.
Roxbury, Vine st. ch. m. c. 17 50
Sharon, Cong. ch. m. c. 39 01
West Roxbury, So. evan. ch. and
so. m. c. 9 52
Wrentham, 1st cong. ch. 40 00—106 03
Old Colony Aux. So. H. Coggeshall, Tr.
New Bedford, Pacific cong. ch. ICO 00
Palestine Miss. So. E. Alden, Tr.
Quincy, Miss Gibbs, 5 00
South Braintree, Cong. ch. and so. 12 78 — 17 78
Taunton and vie.
Mansfield, Ortho, cong. ch. and so. 5 00
Norton, Trin. cong. ch. 270 25 — 275 25
Worcester co. North Aux. So. C. Sanderson, Tr.
South Royalston, Cong. ch. m. c. 14 00
Winchendon, Cong. ch. 68,35 ; m. c.
23,93 ; 92 28—106 28
Worcester co. South Conf. of chs. W. C. Capron, Tr.
Upton, Ortho, cong. ch. and so. 42 06
Wesiboro’, Rev. W. T. Sleeper, 3 CO
Whitinsville, Cong. ch. and so.
m. c. 200 37
Annual meeting of the conf. 66 21—311 64
Worcester co. Central Asso. W. R. Hooper, Tr.
Auburn, Gent, and la. 18,70 ; m. c.
23,59 : 42 29
Berlin, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 25 63
Paxton, Gent. 31 ; la. 23,47 ; m. c.
16,04 ; 70 51
Sterling, 25 77
West Boylston, Gent. 60,76 ; la.
33,68 ; 94 44 •
Worcester, A friend, 7,50; indiv.
25 ; do. 25 ; 57 50—683 13
Chelsea, Broadway ch. m. c. 23 69
Legacies. — Longmeadow, Miss Jennette C.
White, 50 ; Shrewsbury, Mrs. Esther
Stowe, by W. R. Hooper, Tr. 25; Mill-
bury, Hannah L. Goodell, by L. Goodell,
ex’r, 346,13; Boston, Ira Greenwood, by
J. J. Soren, ex’r, 500 ; by Mrs. Green-
wood, 200 ; 1,121 13
Fairfield co. East Aux. So.
Bridgeport, 2d cong. ch. 105 66
Monroe, Cong. ch. 30 55
Stratford, G. Loomis, 5 00 — 141 21
Fairfield co. West Aux. So. C. Marvin, Tr.
Fairfield, 1st cong. ch. and so. 161 47
Green’s Farms, Cong. ch. and so.
in part, 32 48
Greenwich, 2d cong. ch. la. asso. 43 60
North Greenwich, Cong. ch. 14,75;
gent. 48,75 ; to cons. Rev. Wm.
H. Knouse an H. M. 63,50 ; 127 00
Stanwich, Cong. ch. 46 23—410 18
Hartford co. Aux. So. A. G. Hammond, Tr.
Bristol, Ladies’ asso. 42 82
Canton Centre, Gent. 47,70 ; la.
22,64 ; 70 34
Colchester, Cong. ch. widow’s mite, 2 00
East Avon, do. 34 75
Hartford, Centre ch. m. c. 17 10
Pequonnock, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 2 00
Plainville, 2d cong. ch. to cons.
Edwin N. Lewis an H. M. 112 00
Simsbury, A thank-offering, 5 00
Suffield, 1st cong. ch. and so. 148 97 — 434 98
Litchfield co. Aux. So. G. C. Woodruff, Tr.
Bethlem, Cong. ch. and so. 102 00
Goshen, Cong. ch. and so. (of wh.
to cons. Rev. William W. Nor-
ton, of Otto, N. Y., an H. M.
50 ;) 155,05 ; m. c. 27,83 ; 182 88
Harwinton, Cong. ch. 69 07
Litchfield, Cong. ch. and so. 174 03
Milton, Cong. ch. and so.
Morris, Cong. ch. 103,19 ; m. c
New Hartford, South cong. ch.
New Preston, Cong. ch. 91 ; ch.
and Waramang asso. m. c. 24 ;
Northfield, Cong. ch. and so.
Tenyville, do. m. c.
Washington, do. 155,18 ; m. c.
Watertown, Cong. ch. and so.
Winchester, Centre cong. ch.
29 73-1,310 68
Middlesex Asso. George Danielson,
Centre Brook, Cong. ch.
Deep River, do. m. c.
East Haddam, Rev. I. Parsons,
Middle Haddam, Cong. ch. and so,
. 15 00
North Lvme, Cong. ch. 22,40; m
c. 48,72 ;
' 71 12-177 81
New Haven City Aux. So. F. T. Jarman, Tr.
New Haven, North ch. m. c 16,10 ; uni-
ted m. c. 14,50 ; So. ch. 24,12 ; Gerard
Hallock, 1.50 ; m. c. 8,40 ; Yale colleg’e
m. c. 21,83 ; Davenport chapel, m. c.
2,92 ; 3d ch. m. c. 87 ; Howe st. ch. 6 ; 330 87
New Haven co. East Aux. So. F. T. Jarman, Tr.
Fairhaven, 2d cong. ch. 19 75
New Haven co. West Conso. A. Townsend, Tr.
Milford, Plymouth ch. to cons.
Charles Burtok Bassett an
H. M. 105 50
Naugatuck, Cong. ch. 44,63 ; m. c.
45,05 j 89 68
Waterbury, Cong. ch. 58,18; m. c
25,14 ; united m. c. 30,66 ; 113 98
Whitnevville, Gent. 44,75 ; la. 38,58;
m. c. 16,30 ; 99 63-408 79
New London and vie. and Norwich and vie.
Aux. So. F. A. Perkins & C. Butler, Trs.
New London, 1st cong. ch. (of wh. from
the Ladies’ sewing so. to cons. Rev.
Thomas P. Field an H. M. 50;)
524,47 ; m. c. 70 ; 594 47
Tolland co. Aux. So. E. B. Preston, Tr.
Ellington, E. L. to cons. Isaac
Clark an H. M. 100 00
Tolland, Cong. ch. and so. 30 00—130 00
Windham co. Aux. So.
Thompson, 2d cong. ch. and so. 18 00
Watertown and vie. A. Ely, Agent.
Watertown, P. F. H. 10 00
Albany, 4th pres. ch. 100 ; Rev. D.
Djer, 10; 110 00
Cazenovia, J. W. 5 00
Chester, Pres. c’n. 38 00
Cornwall, D. Crane, 10 00
Fredonia, Pres. ch. K'O 00
Guilford, 1st cong. ch. 26 ; m. c. 10; 36 00
Hopkinton, B. Culver, 10 00
Johnstown, Pres. ch. 79 13
Jordan, do. m. c. 3 00
Lockport, S. D. 1 00
Maine, Cong. ch. 6 Ot)
Millville, do. 5 00
Munnsville, Rev. Pindar Field, wh.
with prev. dona. cons. Miss Har-
riett Victoria Field an H. M. 50 00
Nen^ Lebanon, A friend, 3 00
Poughkeepsie, Pres. ch. 37 14
South Amenia, do. 81 17
Southold, do. 5 00
Spencer, Cong. ch. m. c. 18 00
Windham Centre, Young people’s
benev. so. 10 04
West Bloomfield, Cong. ch. and so.
15,50 ; deduct counterfeit note, 2 ; 13 50 — 623 98
Leg^aetes.— Salem, Rufus Coon, by W. and
T. P. Coon, ex’rs, 25 00
By Samuel Work, Agent.
Belvidere, 2d pres. ch. m. c. 100 06
Bergen, Rev. B. C. Taylor, 5 00
Bloomfield, Pres. ch. J. C. Baldwin, 25 00
Dover, Pres. ch. wh. and prev. dona,
cons. Mrs. Hannah C. Mills an
H.M. (m. c. 4;) 10 00
Lafayette, Pres. ch. 3 00
Morristown, S. Johnstone, 15 00
Newark, 1st pres. ch. (of wh. for the
Choctaw mission, 10 ;) 291 62
Orange, 1st pres. ch. 83 44
South Orange, to cons. Moses A.
Peck an H. M. 114 65
West Bloomfield, Coll, and m. c. 176 43—724 14
Newport, Mr. Guild, 5 00
Geneva and vie. Aux. So. G. P. Mowry, Agent.
Amboy, Pres. ch. 16 00
Geneva, J. Bennet, 30 ; W. S. Scott,
10; others, 32,50; D. L. Lum,
10 ; 82 50
Mount Morris, 1st pres. ch. m. c.
55,06 ; young people’s miss. asso.
31,25 ; 86 31
Oaks Corners, Pres. ch. and cong. 12 20
Oswego, 1st pres. ch. m. c. 100 ;
O. J. Harman, 10 ; (Pres. ch. 93 ;
m. c. 37 ; G. I. P. 5 ; ack. in the
Nov. Herald as from Owego;) 110 00
Naples, 11 01
Ovid, Pres. ch. 25 54—343 55
Greene co. Aux. So. J. Doane, Agent.
Athens, Ebenezer King, 50 00
Durham, Rhoda Kirtland, 25 00
Hunter, Pres. ch. 5 00 — 80 CO
New York and Brooklyn Aux. So. A. Merwin,Tr.
(Of wh. fr. students of Union Theol. sem.
m. c. 24 ; a miss, family, 20; Moses H.
Baldwin, wh. with prev. dona. cons,
him an H. M, 50 ;) 392 93
St. Lawrence co. Aux. So. Rev. L. A. Chaney, Tr.
Brasher Falls, Pres. ch. m. c. 4,16 ;
MissE. A. W. 5; 9 16
Chazy, J. C. Hubbell, 10 CO — 19 16
Washington co. Aux. So. A. Eldredge, Tr.
Middle Granville, Pres. ch. / 43 50
By Samuel Work, Agent.
Chester Co. I. N. Sloanaker, 10 00
Danville, Mrs. Magill, 5 00
Harrisburg, 1st pres. ch. 115,15;
fern, prayer meeting, 14 ; m. c.
10,91 ; Mrs. Duncan, 10 ; 150 06
Philadelphia, Arch st. ch. B. A.
Fahnestock, to cons. Mrs. Anna
Mary Fahnestock an H. M.
100 ; Mrs. Rebecca Gumbes, of
the Epiphany (P. E.) ch. to cons.
Rev. J. W. Cracraft an H. M.
100 ; Clinton st. ch. Mrs. Stephen
Harris and brother, 80 ; Central
pres. ch. Northern Liberties,
64,93 ; B. D. Stewart, 125 ; Cal-
vary ch. J. S. Cummings, 20 ; 489
Williamsburg, 2d pres. ch.
Beecher’s Island, Miss. so.
Minersville, Cong. ch. m. c.
Montrose, Pres. ch. 16,50 ; Cent so.
Philadelphia, Rev. William Neil, 5 ;
T. W. A. 1 ; a friend and child of
a friend, 5 ; D. B. Stewart, 9 ;
CO — 62
Alexandria, Misses Thurston, 3 00
Fluvanna Co. John H. Cocke, 35 00 — 38 00
By G. L. Weed, Tr.
Cincinnati, 3d pres. ch. m. c. 6,53 ;
1st Ger. ch. m. c. 5 ; sew. circle,
4 ; O. S. Wood, 3 ; 18 53
Portsmouth, Pres. ch. bal. 11 41
Walnut Hills, Lane sem. m. c. 8 57 — 38 51
Ashland, M. E. J. 12 00
Mansfield, Cong-, ch. 126 73
Oxford, W. C. M. 1 00—139 73
Leeacte^.— Gallipolis, Mrs. B S. Tupper, by
Wm. H. Langley, ex’r, 1,000 ; int. 177 ;
ded. expenses, 68,20; 1,108,80; Hanging
Bock, R. Hamilton, by J. G. Peebles,
ex’r, 148,50 j
By Rev. C. Clark.
Dowagiac, Cong. ch. Mrs. Wilsey, 25
Detroit, N. D. S. 5 00
Homer, Ladies, 15 00
Hudson, Cong. ch. 20 00
Kalamazoo, A. F. 3 00
Pinkney, Mrs. Afieck, 1 00
Port Huron, 1st cong. ch. 20 00
Vassar, 13 00
White Lake, 1st pres. ch. wh. with
prev. dona. cons. Rev. W. P. Was-
TELL an H. M. 16 87 — 93 87
5 00 — 3D 19
By G. L. Weed, Tr.
Greenwood, Mrs. H. M. C.
Indianapolis, 2d pres. ch. m. c.
New Albany, Mrs. C.
By Pvev. C. Clark.
Chicago, 1st pres. ch. to cons. F. II.
Boyden an H. M. 150 00
Dover, Cong. ch. 24 00
Geneseo, Cong. ch. 26 00
Mendota, Pres. ch. 2 04-202 04
Carlinville, Pres. ch. ra. c. 10 (.0
Cerro Gordo, do. do. 5 00
Farmington, M. S. 10 00
Fremont, R. O. 1 00
Griggsville, 1st cong. ch. m. c. .50 00
Lisbon, Rev. C. Bushnell, 10 00
Ottawa, Plymouth cong. ch. 14 00
Warsaw, 1st pres. ch. 15 00
Wethersfield, 1st cong. ch. 19 21 — 134 21
Bv G. L. Weed, Tr.
Louisville, Thomas Tracy, 30 00
Cold Spring, Pres. ch. for the Gawar
miss. 30 00
Jonesboro’, Pres. ch. for the Gawar
miss, to cons. Rev. Alexander
A. Blair an n. M. 120 03
Unknown, A small sum laid up for a
rainy day, 20 00—170 00
Burlington, Cong. ch. 22 85
Inland, S. N Grout, 13 OO
Pine Creek, Cong. ch. Rev. C. F. Veitz, 5 00 — 40 85
By Rev. C. Clark.
Watertown, Cong. ch.
Oconomowoc, E. B. P.
St. Anthony, Cong. ch. 2 00
St. Paul, Plymouth cong. ch. m. c. 5 00
Wabashaw,* Cong. ch. 2 ; A. D 3;
F. W. A. 2 ;
San Antonio, L. M. N.
Grass Valley, Cong. ch.
By Rev. G. H. Atkinson, Agent.
Less expenses of Rev. C. Eells to
Waiilatpee for Board, 45 50 — 11 50
FOREIGN LANDS AND MISSIONARY
Barton, Can. West, United chs. 12 05
Bloomfield, Chick, na. Members of the
mission family to cons. Rev. J. H. Carr
an H. M. 50 00
Madura, Rev. E. Webb, .50 00
Park Hill, Chero. na. m. c. 50 30
Sherbrooke, Can. East cong. ch. m. c. 8 00
Tuscarora miss. Coll, and m. c. 9 41
MISSION SCHOOL ENTERPRISE.
(See details in Journal of Miscions.)
New Jersey, .
In Foreign Lands,
Donations received in October, 14,447 63
Legacies, 2,476 24
TOTAL from August 1st to
October 31st, $34,038 20
THANK-CFFERINGS FOR THE DEBT
RECEIVED IN OCTOBER.
MAINE. — E^stport. A poor widow,
NEW HAMPSHIRE. — Fitzwilliam, An
VERMONT.— Norwich, Members of the
Young Men’s Christian Asso.
MASSACHUSETTS. — Bradford, Leonard
Johnson, lo cons. Laburton Johnson
an H. M. 100 ; East Hampton, E. A.
Clark, 2; East Hawley, cong. so. 2;
North Bridgewater, a friend, 10 ; Nor-
ton, Trill, cong. ch. 50 ; friends, 100
Randolph, Wirithrop ch. and so. 201,25
Sharon, cong. ch. young con\erts, 8,50
South Egremont, cong. ch. and so. 20,25
Winchendon, 1st cong. ch. and so. 11,68
NEW YORK—Brasher Falls, M. H. 1
Brooklyn, 1 ; Buffalo, T. P. Denison, 5
Canterbury, Miss S. Silliman, 5 ; Haver-
straiv. Rev. P. J. H. Myers, 10 ; New
Y’ork, J. H. Hayes and wife, 10 ; Scho-
harie, Mrs. D. S. Parsons, 5 ; J. S. Par-
sons, 2 :
OHIO.— Kinsman, A friend,
ILLINOIS.— Dover, Cong. ch. young con-
7 00 — 14 00
* 1 . »
For use only